Toju Eyesan

Toju Eyesan


The European commission defines brain waste as the non-recognition of the skills and qualifications acquired by migrants outside of the EU, which prevents them from fully using their potential.

It is a situation where professional migrants, usually from under developed countries, take up unskilled employment in more developed countries to earn a source of livelihood.

These migrants are drawn to these countries in search of favourable working conditions, better education for themselves and family, innovation, stronger economies, etc.

The World Education Services (WES), New American Economy (NAE), and Migration Policy Institute (MPI) have presently reported that nearly 2 million highly skilled immigrants in the U.S. (alone) are working in low-skilled jobs.

However, due to barriers such as language, foreign academic credential recognition amongst others, they are left with no choice but to take up unskilled jobs in a bid to survive.

Some of these unskilled jobs include, farm labour, street sweeping, janitorial services, hotel stewards, taxi/cab driving and a host of others

On the flip side the exodus of young professionals from these under developed countries leads to a massive ‘brain drain’ from these economies ultimately leading to stagnation/slowdown of economic progress in these nations.

Through conceptual photography, the author aims to illustrate this topic visually to draw greater attention to this economic and social malaise which is at an all-time high in Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan African countries.